Even if you use the Windows Command Prompt a lot, you might be surprised at the number of useful keyboard shortcuts it supports. You can use them to streamline everything from selecting and manipulating text to repeating commands you've already typed. And we've got the full list for you.

The Command Prompt is a powerful tool in Windows, giving you access to all kinds of useful commands you can't get any other way. By its very nature, the Windows Command Prompt relies on a lot of keyboard use鈥揳nd with that comes handy shortcuts. Most of these shortcuts have been around since the Command Prompt's early days. Some are new with Windows 10 (especially some of those that use the Ctrl key) and you'll need to enable them before you can use them. When you've done that, you're ready to unleash your full-fingered keyboard fury.

Shortcuts for Launching and Closing the Command Prompt

Windows actually boasts a number of ways to open the Command Prompt. The following list shows you some of the ways you can open and close the Command Prompt with just your keyboard:

Windows (or Windows+R) and then type "cmd": Run the Command Prompt in normal mode.

Win+X and then press C: Run the Command Prompt in normal mode. (New in Windows 10)

Win+X and then press A: Run the Command Prompt with administrative privileges. (New in Windows 10)

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Alt+F4 (or type "exit" at the prompt): Close the Command Prompt.

Alt+Enter: Toggle between full-screen and windowed mode.

And while any of those ways to open the Command Prompt will work, we recommend getting used to opening it with administrative privileges. Most of the interesting commands you'll use require it anyway.

Note: If you see PowerShell instead of Command Prompt on the Windows+X (Power Users) menu, that's a switch that came about with the Creators Update for Windows 10. It's very easy to switch back to showing the Command Prompt on the Power Users menu if you want, or you can give PowerShell a try. You can do pretty much everything in PowerShell that you can do in Command Prompt, plus a lot of other useful things.

Shortcuts for Moving Around

You can always click with your mouse to place the cursor anywhere you want in the Command Prompt. But if you like to keep your hands on the keys, we've got you covered with these shortcuts for moving around:

Home/End: Move the insertion point to the beginning or end of the current line (respectively).

Ctrl+Left/Right Arrow: Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous or next word (respectively) on the current line.

Ctrl+Up/Down Arrow: Scroll the page up or down without moving the insertion point.

Ctrl+M: Enter or exit Mark Mode. While in mark mode, you can use all four arrow keys to move your cursor around the window. Note that you can always use the Left and Right arrow keys to move your insertion point left or right on the current line, whether Mark Mode is on or off.

Once you get used to moving around with the keyboard, you might even find it faster than switching to the mouse and back again.

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نوشته شده توسط goodkeyhome در چهارشنبه 5 مهر 1396
The Windows Server backup tool provides a backup and recovery solution for servers running the Windows Server 2008 OS. This backup tool consists of a management tool in the form of the Microsoft Management Console (MMC) combined with command-line tools to provide a total solution for all your backup and recovery needs.

The Windows Server Backup Tool is particularly well-suited to meet the needs of anyone who requires just a basic backup solution, such as small businesses pressed for IT staffing and individual business owners who want a backup solution that is easy to run with minimum knowledge of technology. Conveniently shipped with four wizards, this tool makes running backups and recovering data as simple as A, B, C, and D.

Functionalities offered by the Windows Server Backup Tool

How does MMC use snap-ins?

Snap-ins constitute the fundamental component of the Microsoft Management Console (MMC) and are core management tools. MMC is like an overarching framework through which snap-ins are accessible. Any one of the installed snap-ins may be selected from within the MMC snap-ins (such as the device manager or DNS manager). Such snap-ins can also include those from vendors other than Microsoft.

Windows Server Backup Tool - version compatibility information

Windows Server backup is available for all versions of Windows Server 2008 (both 32-bit and 64-bit editions). However, please be aware that if you choose the server core installation option for Windows Server 2008, the WS backup snap-in would not be available for this particular choice. Should you need to run backups for computers with a server core installation, you need to use either the command line or manage the backup process remotely from another computer.

Windows Server Backup 2008 - Significant Selling Points

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These are the significant selling points for the Windows Server Backup 2008:

Rapid backup technology: The tool uses rapid backup technology by employing Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) and technology specific to perform block-level backups. The tool can be configured in such a manner that after the creation of the first backup, incremental backups are automatically created by backing up only the data that has changed since the last backup. Even if needed, full backups don't take much time.

Optimized disk usage: Windows Server Backup 2008 uses optimized disk management technology by which it is able to minimize the disk space used for backups. It does this by reusing the space of older existing backups while creating fresh backups.

Selective restoration enabled: The tool permits selective restoration from which specific items can be chosen from a backup to restore (while ignoring the other components). For example, specific files from a folder alone can be restored.

Simplified OS recovery: New recovery tools are utilized by WS Backup 2008 in order to enable you to recover your OS (operating system) easily. Apart from recovering to the same server, you also have the option of recovering to a separate no-OS server (with similar hardware) in case of hardware failure.

Supports offsite backups for disaster recovery: The tool supports saving backups to multiple disks on a rotational basis, which is necessary for supporting offsite backup capability. Each of the disks can be tagged as a scheduled and a permitted location for a backup; if the first disk is moved offsite (not available for the tool to access from the disk rack), the tool automatically chooses the next disk in the rotational list and chooses it as the back-up location.

Remote administration capabilities: This tool can be accessed via Server Manager after installing the associated snap-ins in order to manage other server backups

Extensive command-line support: WS Backup 2008 comes with extensive support for command-line tools including wbadmin and an extensive set of documentation. These enable you to perform virtually all the functions (that you normally perform via snap-ins) instead through the command-line. The tool also has scripting language support in order to automate backup-related activities. In addition, WS Server backup 2008 also supports a collection of PowerShell commands (also called cmdlets- command-lets, worded like servlets) which can be used to write backup-automation scripts.

Support for removable media including optical drives: Disk volumes can be directly backed up to both removable media and optical media drives including DVD drives. This supports requirements for offsite backups at a smaller scale whereby backups can be placed on a DVD rather than on a disk.

Special conditions to be noted while using the tool

There are a few special conditions to be met in order to run WS Backup 2008.

The tool must be run under an ID which is a member of the admin or backup team.

The server itself keeps the firewall enabled by default. This can affect your work if you are going to be managing another server's backup remotely; in such cases, you should modify the firewall settings in order to accomplish remote management.

Scheduled backups require a separate, dedicated disk.

Only NTFS-file formatted volumes on a local disk can be backed up; other file formats are not supported.

Tape backups are not supported by this tool. The devices supported for backup storage are: external disks, internal disks, shared folders, and DVD's.

Backups created by the earlier version of this tool (Ntbackup.exe) cannot be recovered by WS Backup 2008. However, the old tool is still available as a download to meet these purposes of recovery.

WS Backup 2008 is a premier backup and recovery tool for the Windows 2008 server platform. It provides complete backup/recovery function, supporting volumes, files, folders, system state, and specific applications. If you are the owner of a small business or a person looking for a backup solution that can be run without advanced knowledge of technology, this tool would be perfect for you. And if you get stuck anywhere during the process or need some extra help, look at the official step-by-step windows server backup guide at Microsoft's website. They have everything well-documented.

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نوشته شده توسط goodkeyhome در جمعه 31 شهريور 1396

All Windows computers include features that protect the operating system from hackers, viruses, and various types of malware. There are also protections in place to prevent mishaps that are brought on by the users themselves, such as the unintentional installation of unwanted software or changes to crucial system settings. Most of these features have existed in some form for years. One of them, Windows Firewall, has always been a part of Windows and was included with XP, 7, 8, 8.1, and more recently, Windows 10.

It’s enabled by default. Its job is to protect the computer, your data, and even your identity, and runs in the background all the time.

But what exactly is a firewall and why is it necessary? To understand this, consider a real-world example. In the physical realm, a firewall is a wall designed specifically to stop or prevent the spread of existing or approaching flames. When a threatening fire reaches the firewall, the wall maintains its ground and protects what’s behind it.

Windows Firewall does the same thing, except with data (or more specifically, data packets). One of its jobs is to look at what’s trying to come into (and go out of) the computer from web sites and email, and decide if that data is dangerous or not. If it deems the data acceptable, it lets it pass. Data that could be a threat to the stability of the computer or the information on it is denied. It is a line of defense, just as a physical firewall is.

This, however, is a very simplistic explanation of a very technical subject. If you’d like to dive deeper into it, this article “What is a Firewall and How Does a Firewall Work?” gives more information.

Why and How to Access Firewall Options

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Windows Firewall offers several settings that you can configure.

For one, it’s possible to configure how the firewall performs and what it blocks and what it allows. You can manually block a program that’s allowed by default, such as Microsoft Tips or Get Office. When you block these programs you, in essence, disable them. If you’re not a fan of the reminders you get to buy Microsoft Office, or if the tips are distracting, you can make them disappear.

You can also opt to let apps pass data through your computer that aren’t permitted by default. This often occurs with third-party apps you install like iTunes because Windows requires your permission to allow both installation and passage. But, the features can also be Windows-related such as the option to use Hyper-V to create virtual machines or Remote Desktop to access your computer remotely.

You also have the option to turn off the firewall completely. Do this if you opt to use a third-party security suite, like the anti-virus programs offered by McAfee or Norton. These frequently ship as a free trial on new PCs and users often sign up. You should also disable the Windows Firewall if you’ve installed a free one (which I’ll discuss later in this article). If any of these are the case, read “How to Disable the Windows Firewall” for more information.

Note: It is vitally important to keep a single firewall enabled and running, so don’t disable the Windows Firewall unless you have another in place and don't run multiple firewalls at the same time.

From the Windows Firewall area you can do several things. The option to Turn Windows Firewall On or Off is in the left pane. It’s a good idea to check here every now and then to see if the firewall is indeed enabled.

Some malware, should it get by the firewall, can turn it off without your knowledge. Simply click to verify and then use the Back arrow to return to the main firewall screen. You can also restore the defaults if you’ve changed them. The option Restore Defaults, again in the left pane, offers access to these settings.

How to Allow an App Through the Windows Firewall

When you allow an app in Windows Firewall you choose to allow it to pass data through your computer based on whether you’re connected to a private network or a public one, or both. If you select only Private for the allow option, you can use the app or feature when connected to a private network, such as one in your home or office. If you choose Public, you can access the app while connected to a public network, such as a network in a coffee shop or hotel. As you’ll see here, you can also choose both.

How to Block a Program with the Windows 10 Firewall

The Windows Firewall allows some Windows 10 apps and features to pass data into and out of a computer without any user input or configuration. These include Microsoft Edge and Microsoft Photos, and necessary features like Core Networking and Windows Defender Security Center. Other Microsoft apps like Cortana might require you to give your explicit permissions when you first use them though. This opens the required ports in the firewall, among other things. We use the word “might” here because the rules can and do change, and as Cortana becomes more and more integrated it could be enabled by default in the future. That said, this means that other apps and features could be enabled that you do not want to be. For instance, Remote Assistance is enabled by default. This program allows a technician to remotely access your computer to help you resolve a problem if you agree to it. Even though this app is locked down and quite secure, some users do consider it an open security hole. If you’d rather close that option, you can block access for that feature.

There are also third party apps to consider. It’s important to keep unwanted apps blocked (or possibly, uninstalled) if you don't use them. When working through the next few steps then, check for entries that involve file sharing, music sharing, photo editing, and so forth, and block those that don’t need access. If and when you use the app again, you’ll be prompted to allow the app through the firewall at that time. This keeps the app available should you need it, and is thus better than uninstalling in many instances. It also prevents you from accidentally uninstalling an app that the system needs to function properly.

Consider a Free Third-Party Firewall

If you would rather use a firewall from a third-party vendor, you can. Remember though, the Windows Firewall has a good track record and your wireless router, if you have one, does a good amount of work too, so you don’t have to explore any other options if you don’t want to. It’s your choice though, and if you want to try it out, here are a few free options:

For more information about free firewalls, refer to this article "10 Free Firewall Programs".

Whatever you decide to do, or not do, with the Windows Firewall, remember that you need a working and running firewall to protect your computer from malware, viruses, and other threats. It’s also important to check every now and then, perhaps once a month, that the firewall is engaged. If new malware gets by the firewall, it can disable it without your knowledge. If you forget to check though, it’s highly likely you’ll hear from Windows about it through a notification. Pay attention to any notification you see about the firewall and resolve those immediately; they'll appear in the notification area of the Taskbar on the far right side.

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نوشته شده توسط goodkeyhome در پنجشنبه 23 شهريور 1396

What to do when you need the product key for your PC's Microsoft Windows 7 installation, and you don't know where to find it.

QUESTION I'm helping a friend who has lost his Windows 7 product key. I understand there's a utility that can access this information in the Registry. Can you help? M Higgins

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HELPROOM ANSWER There are many utilities that can retrieve your Windows 7 product key. We've had success using the free Magical Jelly Bean Keyfinder, which is simple to install and run. Launch the program and the key will be displayed.

Ignore the features list, which suggests that you must pay for the Premium version to retrieve your Windows 7 key.

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نوشته شده توسط goodkeyhome در سه شنبه 21 شهريور 1396

Microsoft's new Skype Preview app for desktops only works on older versions of Windows, but there's a way to get it running on the latest version of Windows 10. Here's how.

Microsoft has just released a brand new Skype Preview app for Windows desktop users that introduces a brand new user interface and several new features, some of which have been in testing in the Windows 10 app for some time. Oddly, the new desktop preview app is only available for Windows 7, Windows 8 and legacy versions of Windows 10, but there's a way of installing it on the latest version of Windows 10 too.

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If you're on the Anniversary Update or Creators Update, trying to install the new preview app will result in the installer telling you to use the Skype UWP app instead. As we all know, the UWP version of the app is rubbish in comparison, and the new Skype Preview for desktop app is an all round better app. So, here's how to bypass that block and get the new app installed on the latest versions of Windows 10.

There you have it, the program will now run and install on the latest version of Windows 10. Let us know what you think of the new Skype Preview app.

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نوشته شده توسط goodkeyhome در جمعه 17 شهريور 1396

In Windows 10, as with previous versions, there are three basic options when you turn off your computer: shut down, sleep and restart. When you choose shut down, your PC will do different things depending on whether hibernate is enabled or disabled. See also: Windows Advisor for all Windows tips and tricks

Hibernate is - as far as you're concerned as a user - the same as Sleep mode. It means you can carry on where you left off: all your apps will be open and where you left them, and browser tabs will still be open. Hibernate is also linked with Fast Startup in Windows 10.

See also: How to sign into Windows 10 automatically at startup

In Sleep mode, all this information is stored in RAM, which makes it quick to resume when you wake your PC. But if the power is turned off, or the battery in your laptop runs flat the system state is lost and you'll have to boot from scratch and start from Windows' desktop. You might even lose unsaved work.

With hibernate, which is enabled by default on most PCs and laptops, the information about which apps are open and your unsaved documents are also written to the hard drive in a file called hiberfil.sys. Even if your PC has been without power for weeks, it matters not: Windows 10 will read this file when it boots up and restore everything as it was when you clicked the Shut Down button.

If you want to enable hibernation because your PC isn't saving your progress and "cold" booting each time, here's how to do it.

How to enable Hibernate in Windows 10

In Windows 10, you can right-click on the Start button and choose Command Prompt (Admin) from the menu that appears.

Type powercfg -h on and press Return. You won't see any confirmation of success, but you should see an error if it doesn't work for any reason.

PCs equipped with 'InstantGo' don't have hibernation, for example, so you can't enable or disable it.

How to disable Hibernate in Windows 10

To turn off hibernation, it's basically the same process, but type 'powercfg -h off' (without the quotes) at the command prompt.

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How to configure Hibernate in Windows 10

Enabling and disabling it is one thing, but you also need to make sure the selected power plan is set to use hibernation.

You'll find the settings under Power Options in the Control Panel. To get to them quickly, right-click on the Start button (or press Win-X) and choose Power Options.

Click Change Plan Settings next to the power plan which is currently selected, then click the Change advanced power settings link at the bottom.

In the window that appears, scroll to Sleep and expand it by pressing the small + sign. Set the time after which you want your computer to go into hibernate. If you can't see 'Hibernate after' under Sleep it's because hibernate has been disabled, or is not available on your PC or laptop.

Also, under Battery (which applies to laptops, naturally), make sure the Critical battery action is set to hibernate.

Conversely, if you disable hibernate make sure that the critical battery action is NOT set to Hibernate. Instead, choose Sleep or Shut down.

How to make your PC hibernate using the power button or lid

It's useful to have your computer hibernate when the battery runs out, but you might have a desktop PC (with no battery) or you want it to hibernate when you close your laptop's lid or press the power button.

If so, it's easy to configure. By default, your laptop will be set to sleep when you close the lid or press the power button. With a PC, it might be set to shut down when you hit the power button.

The settings are in the same list of power options as Sleep and Battery as described above. Just scroll up to Power buttons and lid, and then choose the Lid close action, Power button action and - if you have one - Sleep button action.

Under each you can choose different actions depending on whether your laptop is running on battery or mains power. For PCs, you shouldn't see the 'On battery' options.

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نوشته شده توسط goodkeyhome در چهارشنبه 15 شهريور 1396
One of the major trends that has been occurring within the world of IT over the last few years is the blurring of resource boundaries. It really wasn't all that long ago that our datacenters were confined by four walls. Today, most companies still operate some resources in their own datacenters, but also have resources in the public cloud space. Although using a mixture of public cloud and private datacenter resources offers a number of benefits, the decentralization of computing resources also presents significant management challenges. This is where the new Server Management Tools from Microsoft come into play.

Before I delve into a discussion of the Server Management Tools, I need to take a moment and talk about what the Server Management Tools are not. First, these tools are not a be all, end all solution for hybrid cloud management. The Server Management Tools are designed to help administrators to manage some types of Microsoft resources, and that's about it. Specifically, the current version of these tools (which are still in preview) can manage Windows Server 2016 running either in your own datacenter or on Azure.

The Server Management Tools are also not the same thing as Server Manager. Server Manager is the primary management console that is included with GUI based deployments of the Windows Server operating system. Although the Server Management Tools have some similarities to the Windows Server Manager, the Server Manager and the Server Management Tools are not the same thing.

So what are the Server Management Tools, and why should you care about them? The Server Management Tools are, as the name implies, a set of tools for managing Windows Server. These tools differ from the Windows Server Manager in a few important ways.

First, unlike Windows Server Manager, the Server Management Tools are not included with the Windows Server operating system. You can download and use the Server Management Tools for free, but they aren't included with the operating system, nor are they automatically provisioned for you.

A second key difference between the Windows Server Manager and the Server Management Tools is that the Server Management Tools are Web based. In contrast, Windows Server Manager exists as a console within the Windows Server operating system. The advantage to having a Web based administrative tool is that the tool can be used from anywhere. More importantly however, because the Server Management Tools reside on the Web, the tools are able to communicate with an organization's various Windows Server resources, regardless of whether those resources exist in the local datacenter or in the public cloud. In other words, the Server Management Tools are an attempt by Microsoft to give Windows Server administrators a single set of tools that can be used to manage Windows Servers residing both locally, and in the cloud.

There is one more reason why the Server Management Tools are important. For years, Microsoft has been pushing its customers to abandon the GUI and manage Windows Server through PowerShell. More recently, Microsoft has been encouraging customers to adopt the concept of headless server operations (where possible) through the deployment of Nano Server.

I'm sure that I'm not telling you anything new here. Microsoft has been quite vocal about wanting Windows Server admins to use PowerShell as their primary management tool. The problem however, is that many Windows Server admins have squarely rejected PowerShell based management.

Now please don't misunderstand what I am saying. I am by no means anti-PowerShell. I have written a ton of PowerShell related content for TechGenix, and have even produced some full length PowerShell courses (http://brienposey.com/book-table/). Even so, as a tech journalist I have the opportunity to talk to a lot of IT professionals, as well as a lot of people at Microsoft. While there are admittedly some organizations that are using PowerShell as their primary management tool, most do not (at least that seems to be the case based on my own observations and on what others have told me).

On occasion I have actually asked Windows admins why they don't use PowerShell more often. I didn't do this in a judgmental way, and try not to come off as some kind of a PowerShell snob. I am genuinely curious as to why various organizations manage their systems in the way that they do.

The most common response that I have received to this question is something along the lines of PowerShell working well for really big administrative jobs, but not being practical for smaller jobs. Many administrators find that it is faster to open up a GUI tool and perform a management operation than to take the time to look up the syntax for a PowerShell cmdlet that would do the same thing.

One of the administrators that I spoke to about the choice between using the GUI and using PowerShell answered the question in a way that I will never forget. He said "I am a Windows administrator, and I want to use a Windows GUI. If I wanted to administer systems from the command line, I would become a Linux administrator".

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نوشته شده توسط goodkeyhome در دوشنبه 13 شهريور 1396
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